Modern Birthstones & Their Significance

Modern Birthstones & Their Significance

 

A birthstone is a gift of a precious material (jewelry, mainly gemstones; themselves traditionally associated with various qualities) that symbolizes the month of birth (in the Gregorian Calendar) of the birthday boy or girl. It is sometimes also called birthday stone (cfr. infra; but that word is, confusingly, sometimes used as a synonym for an anniversary gift, which is related to the recipient's age, i.e. year of birth).

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There have been many different sets of birthstones used throughout history and in different cultures, but in 1912 the American national association of jewelers, Jewelers of America, officially adopted the following list; it is currently the most widely used list in the United States and many other places, including Australia (a jeweler's 'modern' list states they are selected for bright colors) and Thailand:

 

Modern Birthstones Genuine Stone Month Significance Flowers
Garnet Garnet January Constancy Carnation, Snowdrop
Amethyst Amethyst February Sincerity Violet, Primrose
Aquamarine Bloodstone or Aquamarine March Wisdom Jonquil, Daffodil
White Sapphire Diamond April Innocence Sweet pea, Daisy
Green Spinel Emerald May Love Lily of Valley, Hawthorn
Alexandrite Pearl, Moonstone or Alexandrite June Wealth Rose, Honeysuckle
Ruby Ruby July Freedom Larkspur, Water Lilly
Peridot Sardonyx or Peridot August Friendship Poppy, Gladiola
Sapphire Sapphire September Truth Aster, Morning Glory
Rose Zircon Opal or Pink Tourmaline October Hope Calendula, Cosmos
Topaz (excluding Blue Topaz) Topaz or Citrine November Loyalty Chrysanthemum
Blue Zircon TurquoiseBlue Zircon or Tanzanite December Success Narcissus, Holly